Section 7 - Windows (a.k.a.  I Love Bill Gates!)      

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0. Kill those dreaded XP Pop-Up Balloons

01. Stop "You might not have permission to use this network resource"


1.  WFW Mouse Click Area
2.  Win 3.1 Creating a PIF File
3.  WFW Changing Program Manager's Title
4.  Other Files in hiding (WFW fixes)
5.  32-Bit File and Disk Access  (Links to PC World, Jul 95, Hardware Q&A)
6.  WFW Default Setup Directory
7.  Problem loading MS Office 4.3
8.  FoxPro Memory Problems

9.    Restoring a previous Configuration in Windows 98
10.  Reloading Windows95/98 Secrets
11.  Speeding up Windows 95
12.  Keep That Battery Going - Win 95
13.  Win 95/98 Start Up Items Cleanup
14.  Win 95 Multi Media Video Upgrade (avi)
15.  Changing the User's Name / Find the Real Product ID Code
16.  Disappearing CD Drive
17.  Make CD Work in DOS Mode

18.  NT - Remove That Password!
19.  NT Boot up - Multi-boot options
20.  Interesting info about NT and your personal files...

21.  Windows Versions
22.  Connecting Two Win98 PCs with a LapLink Cable
23.  Speeding up your Modem Connection
24.  Link to Humorous Version of Microsoft History
25.  Adding NetBUEI to Windows XP
26.  Internet Explorer Secret Reviled
27.  Troubleshooting Windows Startup Problems
28.  Backing Up Using Norton Ghost
29.  Speed up your System Response Using Scandisk and Defrag

30.  Bring Back Missing CD/DVD Drives
31.  Do this before replacing a CD/DVD Drive
32.  Changing the Default User Name
33.  Editing Windows 98 Startup Programs
34.  Editing XP Startup Programs

 


Subject: Kill those dreaded XP Pop-Up Balloons

Note:  Some Windows Updates go looking for this "hack" and remove it, so if Pop-Ups return after downloading updates, just do this again.


1. Start regedit.exe. 
2. Go to 

        HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\Advanced

3. Create a new DWORD value called EnableBalloonTips. 
4. Give it a decimal value of 0 (zero) (will probably default to zero)
5. Click OK. 
6. Close regedit. 

Part 2

Turn off the hover pop-up balloons in XP Explorer and Desktop: 

1. Goto Control Panel 
2. Click Folder Options (in the classic view) 
3. Click the View tab 
4. Unselect the Show pop-up description for folder and desktop items option 
5. Click OK

 


Subject: Stop "You might not have permission to use this network resource"      

Tired of getting this %@*# error when you try to do a file transfer to/from an XP machine on your home network?  Try this:  First turn off the built in Firewall in XP.  If that doesn't do it then try this Registry Hack.

1. Click Start, click Run, type regedit in the Open box, and then click OK.
2. Locate and then double-click the following registry subkey:
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Control\Lsa
3. In the right pane, double-click restrictanonymous. (and if necessary, also do restrictanonymoussam)
4. Make sure that the value in the Value data box is set to 0, and then click OK.
5. Close Registry Editor.
6. Restart the computer.

 


Subject: Windows Mouse Click Area       Submitted by Gene Zaharov

If you sometimes have trouble double clicking on an icon then this is for
you. The default click window is 4 x 4. You can double this by adding
these lines to WIN.INI right after DoubleClickSpeed=244 inthe first
grouping under [windows].

DoubleClickHeight=8
DoubleClickWidth=8

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Subject: Creating a PIF file for a DOS application in Windows 3.1 

Submitted by Rick Lane

1.) Double click on the "PIF editor" icon.
2.) Enter the executable file name. e.g. Advlink.bat,WP.exe...
3.) Enter Window title. (Name that will appear under icon. e.g Advlink)
4.) Enter Option Parameters. (e.g. /wp51 /L1 /C)
5.) Enter Startup directory. (Directory that contains program files)

6.) Select "Text" for Video Memory.
7.) Memory Requirements - KB Required = -1 KB Required = -1
8.) EMS Memory - KB Required = 0 KB Required = -1
9.) XMS Memory - KB Required = 0 KB Required = -1
10.) Select "Full Screen" for Display Usage.
11.) Select "Exclusive" for Execution.
12.) Select "Close Window on exit".
13.) Click on the "Advnaced" button.

14.) Set "Background Priority" to 50.
15.) Set "Foreground Priority" to 1000.
16.) ONLY OTHER BOX YOU SHOULD CHECK ON THIS SCREEN IS "Allow Fast Paste".
17.) Click on "OK".
18.) Click on "FILE"
19.) Click on "SAVE AS"
20.) Enter your newly created PIF name. (e.g. Advlink.pif)
21.) Click on "OK"
22.) Close PIF editor. (Complete!!)

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Subject: Changing the title of Program Manager

To change the Program Manager title bar name, edit progman.exe at 
location 00cac2 (Windows 3.1).

In Windows for Workgroups the address location is 00cac0.

Another way to do it . . . 

You may personalize Windows 3 or Windows for Workgroups 3.11 by
substituting a name or a message for the one that appears in
Program Manager's title bar:

1. Working in the Program Manager window, highlight your StartUp
group, then open the File menu and select New. 

2. In the New dialog box, select the Program Item button, and
click on OK. 

3. In the Program Item Properties box, select Browse, navigate to
C:\WINDOWS, scroll through the list of program files (typing P
takes you to the first file beginning with that letter), and
double-click on PROGMAN.EXE. 

4. In Program Item Properties' Description box, type the name you
want to assign to Program Manager--for example, MY COMPUTER. 

5. To assign the icon of your choice to Program Manager, click on
the Change Icon button, scroll through the list of images, and
double-click on the one you want to use. 

6. Back in the Program Item Properties box, click on OK. Windows
creates a new icon and stores it in your StartUp group.

The next time you start Windows, the words MY COMPUTER will
appear in Program Manager's title bar.

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Subject: Other Files for Windows 3.11 WFW:

These files are available from a number of download sites....


1. SMTPRT14.ZIP - Lets you add BMP pictures inside of file boxes

2. WDCDRV.EXE - Western Digital 32 bit drivers and more

3. WW0981.EXE - Update files to add 3.11 fuctionally to ver 3.1

4. WW1138.EXE - Calculator for 3.11 that works

5. WG1001.EXE - Upgrade for SERIAL.386

6. DOSCOM.EXE - Com port fix for serial hangs on early Pentium Mother Boards

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Subject: Windows Setup Default Directory

Do you have all your floppies copied to a sub-directory? And everytime
you change something it still says "Insert Floppy in A: Drive"

Just edit your WIN.INI file. FIND [winsetup], "source_disk_path=" and
enter where the sub-directory is, such as:  WFW_RAW.

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Subject: Problems loading MicroSoft Office 4.3

1. If you get an error message saying that SETUP.INF (not INI) has
the wrong information, it is not the file. Most likely you have
Excel 4.0 loaded. There are two work arounds, you can delete all
of Excel 4.0 or you can modify the default installation directory
from; C:\MSOFFICE\EXCEL to (by adding a '5'), C:\MSOFFICE\EXCEL5.

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Subject: Memory error problem while using FoxPro over a network.

Use a different video driver.

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Subject:  Restoring a Previous Configuration

In Windows 98 if you change a hardware item, or something happens to mess up your PC, there is built in help.  You can restore up to 5 days previous configuration/registry setting.  Boot to DOS (hold down F8).  At the DOS prompt ENTer:  SCANREG /RESTORE     and follow the instructions.

Want to store more than 5 Days?  In your Windows directory, edit SCANREG.INI and change the "MaxBackupCopies=5" to a higher number.

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Subject: Reloading Windows95/98 Secrets

Secret 1:  Ever have the problem where you go to reload Windows and you get half way into it and it comes back and tells you that you need a different version?  The easy way to get around this is to rename WIN.COM before doing the re-load.  Problem gone.

Secret 2:  (submitted by Paul Krueger) When you have to reload Windows (maybe multiple times) wouldn't it be nice to have the Product Code come up automatically?  Here's the secret.  Edit the Registry like this:  (A smart person would do this when you load Windows for the first time....)

MyComputer\HKEY_LOACL_MACHINE\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\ProductKey

Go to “CurrentVersion” and Add KEY  ProductKey (will show as a new folder)

 Edit the value of ProductKey to be the CD Product Key including hyphens between groups & upper case like:

 W3PRG-RT8BC-VGB4H-TMRYD-KK89Q

 That’s it!  Then on every reload, the Producyt key will automatically pop up!

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Subject: Speeding Up Windows 95

Tweaking your PC performance  (For Those of You With 24MB's or More of Memory) 

If you have 24MB or more, here's a hot little tip to help you get
the optimum performance out of your computer. Try the following:

1. Go to Microsoft Start, select Settings 
2. Go to Control Panel, select System, then select Performance. 
3. Once in Performance, select File Settings. 
4. Under 'Typical Role of this Machine" change the setting from 
"Desktop Computer" to "Network Server." 

You ask, Why? 

Windows 95 sets the size of its buffers and caches based upon a
registry entry known as "Typical Role''. Although the names of
the roles are "Network Server", "Desktop Computer", and "Mobile
or Docking System". These names for the most part determine 
how WIN95 uses memory. For example any system with 8mb or less of
RAM should be configured as a "Mobile" because that profile uses
less memory for the operating system. A system with 24MB or more
RAM or more should generally be set to a "Network Server" to
increase the number of buffers and memory cache in the system.

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Subject: KEEP THAT BATTERY GOING (or how to tame Windows 95)

When you're on the road and far from any electrical outlet,
you'll want to eke every last minute out of your notebook
battery. Most notebook manuals tell you to maximize your power
settings in the BIOS and in Windows 95. To set them in Windows
95, just go to the Power option in the Control Panel. The BIOS is
a little tougher. If your manual doesn't tell you how to get into
your computer's BIOS, you'll have to call tech support for help.

But here's the catch: Adjusting your notebook's power management
settings doesn't always give you the maximum performance. With a
little tweaking of your own, though, you can extend your
notebook's battery life. Here are some tips that might help: 

Because the clock in the lower right corner of the Windows 95
screen updates every minute, some notebooks register constant
use, as if you were always typing at the keyboard. If you notice
that your screen never dims (to signal sleep mode), disable the
clock. 

If you have an infrared port, your notebook scans it regularly to
see if you're transmitting any information. By disabling the
drivers for the IR port, you stop this scanning. Just don't
forget that you have to re-enable the drivers when you want to
transmit data. 

That nifty AutoPlay feature that can start any disc you drop
into the CD-ROM drive might also be sapping your battery. As it
does with the IR port, your computer constantly polls the 
CD-ROM drive to see if there's a disc in it. Under System, Device
Manager, you can turn off 'Auto insert notification'. Your CD-ROM
drive will still work, but you'll have to start any CD in the
drive manually.
 

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Subject:  Windows 98 - Clean up your System Tray (lower RH corner) and select start up items

Go to START, PROGRAMS, ACCESSORIES, SYSTEM TOOLS, SYSTEM 
INFORMATION. Then select TOOLS (on menu tool bar), SYSTEM 
CONFIGURATION from the menu. Click on the the START UP Tab.
Deselect those programs you don't want to load at Start-Up.

---------------------

You can also go to RUN and type MSCONFIG, and choose the Start Up Tab

---------------------

For Windows 95 (or 98), try TrayManager. It also lets you add
items. Get it for free from PC Mag's web site.

www.pcmag.com/pctech/index-ut.html (click on link)

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Subject:  Win 95 Multi Media Video Upgrade (avi)

Find that your copy of Windows 95 won't run most of the avi files out there?  No worry mate.  Just upgrade Internet Explore to 5.1 or later.  Use the Microsoft version, it includes all the latest video codacs (multi-media drivers).

OR

Try downloading these new drivers from Microsoft. Link

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Subject:  Changing the User's Name / Find the Real Product ID Code

Did you ever inherit someone else's PC and are tired at seeing their 
name?  Or did you ever try and do a re-install over the current 
setup to fix a problem and the install keeps dying because of 
invalid product code?  Then this is for you...

Start by backing up your critical files:

1.  Restart in MS-DOS Mode.
2.  Using a utility that sees hidden files (such as Xtree) go to the 
    windows directory and copy all the DAT files to a new directory 
    (such as BACKUP).  This will protect the files you are about to edit 
    if this doesn't work.  If you want a complete backup, also copy 
    the INI files.
3.  Restart Windows.
4.  RUN REGEDIT  (c:\windows\REGEDIT)
5.  Open HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE
6.  You will find the "Registered Owner" and "Product Code" in:
      HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion
7.  If you want a new name, Right-Click on Registered Owner and 
      MODIFY the name to what you want.
8.  To save your changes, Exit Regedit.
9.  You can immediately check your changes by checking the 
    Properties of MY Computer.

If it crashes the system, re-start in DOS, and copy back the files 
you backed-up.  And you'll be back to where you started...

If for some strange reason, when you restart the old name comes back 
then Windows has restored the Registry from a previous day.  
Windows98 keeps backup for the last 5 days.  You can move or delete 
these files to keep that from happenings.  They are labeled 
something like your initials plus 00x, or...

xx001.CAB
xx002.CAB
xx003.CAB
xx004.CAB
xx005.CAB

You can find these files in C:\WINDOWS\SYSBCKUP

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Subject: Disappearing CD Drive

If you have a Windows 95/98 PC that fails to show the CD Drive under
System/Devices, or the IDE controllers have problems, check for
ANTICMOS A virus in the boot record. Only seems to effect the first 
hard drives.

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Subject:  Making Your CD-ROM Drive work when you 
                        RESTART IN DOS MODE

If prior to loading Windows 95 or 98, you set up the CONFIG.SYS
and AUTOEXEC.BAT files to load your CD-ROM Driver and MSCDEX so
you could use your CD drive, then during the installation,
Windows took your AUTOEXEC.BAT file and copied it to the Windows
directory as DOSSTART.BAT.  This is the file that runs when you
exit Windows as "RESTART in MS-DOS mode".

The problems comes about when you actually exit Windows to DOS. 
Windows runs the DOSSTART.BAT file which attempts to run MSCDEX
but it fails saying it can't find the drive.  This happens
because the CD-ROM driver needs to be loaded from CONFIG.SYS, a
file that is not run.

What to do?  Thankfully someone made a DOS driver that will load
Device Drivers from the command prompt (normally device drivers
must be loaded before COMMAND.COM).  Go to ZDNET.COM and download
DRVLOAD.  Then modify your DOSSTART.BAT file as necessary.  Here
is an example:

LH C:\DOS\DRVLOAD C:\DOS\TAISATAP.SYS /D:TOSHIBA1 /N:1 /V 
LH C:\WINDOWS\COMMAND\MSCDEX.EXE /D:TOSHIBA1 /M:10 /V 
LH C:\DOS\MOUSE 
 

Now when you RESTART in MS-DOS mode, your CD-ROM will work!

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Subject: KILL THE PASSWORD PROMPT IN WINDOWS NT

Every time YOU boot to Windows NT you need to press <Ctrl>-<AIt>-<Delete>
and type in your prompt password. If this seems to be an unnecessary 
bother, there is a way to kill the password and make NT log you in 
automatically—with a few simple changes to the Registry.

It's simple, but not risk-free. Because messing with the Registry 
can have dire consequences, make sure you have the NT emergency 
repair disk you created when you installed Windows NT; it can repair 
problems with the Registry if you goof up. If you don't have an 
emergency repair disk, create one before proceeding: Choose File.Run 
in Program Manager or File Manager (Windows NT 3.51) or Start.Run 
(Windows NT 4.o), type rdisk and press <Enter>.

Now for the real fun. In File Manager or Program Manager, choose 
File, Run (version 3.51) or Start, Run (version 4.o) and type regedt32.
exe and press <Enter>. Click the title bar of the HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE 
window to bring it to the front. In that window, navigate to 
Software\Microsoft\Windows NT \Current-Version\Winlogon. With the 
Winlogon key selected (it looks like a folder), make sure the 
DefaultDomainName and the DefaultUserName entries are those you 
normally use when you log on. Choose Edit. Add Value For Value Name, 
type DefaultPassword. Make sure REG_SZ is selected in the Data Type 
drop-down list and click OK In the String Editor dialog box, type 
your password and click OK Next, doubleclick the entry for 
AutoAdminLogon, change the o to a 1 and click OK. If you don't see 
an entry for AutoAdminLogon, add one like this: choose Edit. Add 
Value Type AutoAdminLogon. As before, make sure REG_SZ is selected 
in the Data Type drop-down list and click OK For String, type 1 and 
click OK. Finally, choose Registry, Exit

The next time you log on to Windows NT, your password will be 
processed automatically. But remember that now anyone can use your 
machine, and your password is emblazoned in the Registry Editor for 
any savvy user to read.

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Subject: Windows NT Multiple Boot - Changing the Default

If you have Windows NT and a seperate bootable DOS drive then you get
a sub-menu at boot up that lets you choose NT or DOS. The Standard
default is NT.

If you would like to change the default to DOS:

FROM WITHIN WINDOWS NT:
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
From CONTROL PANEL pick SYSTEM. The first box lets you choose the
default boot up.

FROM DOS or CUSTOM CONFIGURATION:
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
Find a file in the root directory of C: called "BOOT.INI". The file 
is set to hidden and read-only.

It looks like;
****************************
[boot loader]
timeout=30
default=multi(0)disk(0)rdisk(0)partition(2)\WINNT35
[operating systems]
multi(0)disk(0)rdisk(0)partition(2)\WINNT35="Windows NT Workstation Version 3.5" 
multi(0)disk(0)rdisk(0)partition(2)\WINNT35="Windows NT Workstation Version 3.5
[VGA mode]" /basevideo
C:\="MS-DOS" 
****************************

Remove the attributes, edit the file, add ";" in front of the line that
says "default=". Insert a line right under that one that says "default=C:\".

Save the file and turn on the hidden and read-only attributes.

The next time you boot, it should default to DOS.


If you want to be creative you can add addtional lines . . . 

[boot loader]
timeout=30
* ;default=multi(0)disk(0)rdisk(0)partition(2)\WINNT35
* default=C:\
[operating systems]
multi(0)disk(0)rdisk(0)partition(2)\WINNT35="Windows NT Workstation Version 3.5" 
multi(0)disk(0)rdisk(0)partition(2)\WINNT35="Windows NT Workstation Version 3.5 [VGA mode]" /basevideo
C:\="MS-DOS" 
* C:\="My Super Duper High Speed Goof Ball O/S"

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Subject: Interesting FACTS about NT and your personal files...

By default, anytime an NT Work Station Joins a Domain an
automatic hidden SHARE to it hard drive is made.

What does this mean? It means no matter what you do to your NT
Work Station including everything you can do to remove Sharing
or anything else you can think of will not stop anyone with
Domain Administrator Rights from visiting your hard drive anytime
they want (whether you are logged on or not).

Does this bother you? It should! It means ANYONE with Admin
Rights can READ or ALTER your personal files!

What can you do to protect your self? A few things.

1. If you have a ZIP Drive or other External Drive, keep your
personal files there. Lock up the removable media when you're
not there.

2. Short of that, keep your personal files in a Sub-Directory
YOU CREATE. This gives you ownership. You also own all the
files that you create and keep there. This will not stop snoops
from looking at your files from Explorer, but if they do open
them, then the ownership transfers. As you can see this won't
stop them, but at least you'll know you've been visited. To
check Ownership, Right Click on the file or Sub-Directory, choose
Properties, select the TAB Security. Click on Ownership. If it
says something other than you, you've been visited. Check
Ownership on a regular basis.

3. If you ever go to log on and your password doesn't work, and
you don't get a good explanation it means this: They ran-sacked
your files, busted your password, logged on as you, took
ownership back in your name, and left your account dead until you
asked to be let in. They'll give you some dumb excuse and get
you a new password. Pretty cool huh? You still have ownership,
and they have your personal files....

---------------------
New Subject: You should also know that your DESKTOP and your
OUTLOOK files are backup to the server every time you log off
(this is done so that NT can supply this information to you no
matter where you log in). If you have a lot of info in Outlook,
you will notice it keeps taking longer to log off and shut down. 
Once on the server, the people with Admin rights can view your
info. Need I say more - don't use Outlook Express....

And all this time you thought NT was secure.......

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Subject:  Windows Versions

Note:  Windows 3.1, 95, 98, and ME are DOS shells (they run over
DOS operating files - can boot system with io.sys, msdos.sys, and
command.com.  Windows NT and 2000 are closely related to UNIX
operating systems.

Windows 3.11 was the last version that ran over DOS, meaning you
booted your computer to DOS and then started Windows like any
other application.  The good part was it was pretty bug-free by
this version, and all the configuration values were in easy to
edit "ini" files.  The version was also called Windows for
Workgroups and added work-group networking to version 3.1, and
had good bug fixes.  The down side was the memory limitations of
DOS.  Active memory was limited to 640k, and by the time you got
all the drivers, particularly the network drivers there was very
little room left for applications, which required memory paging,
the swapping of groups of memory, which in turn caused system
crashes.  The other advantage of 3.11 over 3.1 was 32-bit disk
access, which more than doubled hard drive transfer speed.  The
main window was called the Program Manager and File Manager.  The
last version of DOS sold alone was 6.22

Next was Windows 95.  This version made a few major changes.  The
DOS files were incorporated into the program.  Most people have
no idea you can boot to DOS with this version.  The ability of
the program to control the DOS kernel is what allows it to
address much more memory reliably.  It was also the first version
of plug and play, often referred to as plug and pray.  Program
Manager and File Manager were replaced with Explorer.  Programs
now show up with the now famous "Start" button. The hard drive
was still formatted with FAT16, and limited to 2.0 gig
partitions.  There were four versions of 95.  Looking at the
properties of My Computer showed the version: 4.00.950.  The next
three versions added an a,b, or c to the end.  Version c added USB Support,
and the ability to use a 32-bit FAT, but neither didn't work very well.

If you look in the Command.com file, Windows95/98 all show they
use version 7 of MS-DOS.

Rule for upgrading to Windows 98.  If your PC is working well,
don't upgrade.  If it is crashing, then upgrade.  Windows 95
tends to run better than 98 if you only have 16 megs of RAM or
if you are using an ISA Video Card.

Windows 98.  The best part of this operating system is it's
vastly improved drivers and the ability to work with most
hardware much better than Windows 95.  Plug and play works much
better.  It also has the option to use a reliable FAT 32 which
allows hard drive partitions larger than 2 gig.  You are also
able to drag icons to the bottom tool bar.  USB Support!

Troubleshooting Wizards, backups registries (takes longer to
boot), Outlook Express, RAS, VPN, AGP Video support, USB, PCMCIA
support.  Windows version: 4.10.1998

Windows 98 Second Edition

Internet Explorer 5, Internet Connection Sharing (ICS).  Allows
all PCs on network to use ISP connected to this version.
Improved USB support and Firewire support.  Windows version
4.10.2222a

Windows ME (short for Millennium)  No more DOS support, no re-
starting to DOS, no DOS window.  New file system. "System File
Protection".

---------------------------

Windows NT 4.0 Current and last version of NT.  No plug and play,
poor support for AGP video.  Networks require a lot of manual
configuring.  Requires many restarts when configuring.

Windows 2000 Summary (see below for more details)

There are four versions of Windows 2000, one is intended for
workstations and the others are various degrees of server
sophistication. 
 

Windows 2000 Professional
The "Professional" version takes over from NT 4 Workstation. It's
intended for desktop use by businesses and professionals with
enhanced security and configuration features. It may look similar
to Windows 95/98 on the screen but it is quite different
technically. It is NOT a direct successor to Windows 95 or 98 and
not intended for home use. The Professional version will use dual
processor chips (if installed). 
 

Windows 2000 Server
This is the basic server option for small and medium businesses
and includes a Web server, terminal, and remote access services.
It will support up to four processors on the one machine. 
 

Windows 2000 Advanced Server
Advanced Server takes to role of the old "NT Enterprise Edition"
with support for up to eight processors, clustering and load
balancing. It's intended for intensive database work or other
high load situations. 
 

Windows 2000 Datacenter Server
Coming later in 2000 is this monster version of Windows 2000 for
really large corporate or academic use. It will use up to 16
processors and 64GB of memory. 

---------

The main selling point of W2K family is the cost savings once
installed.  Microsoft has back-pedaled from it's previous path of
"everything Microsoft" and returned to open standards.  It will
plug and play with other operating systems using open standards.
Servers uses transitive trusts, workstation software can be
automatically updated, and other improvements vastly reduce the
need of hands on to update the network, requiring fewer techs to
maintain an enterprise.  Large companies can be a single Domain.
Another cost saving feature; if a user deletes a file needed by
an application, it will be automatically restored from the server
when the application is loaded.

Plug and play is now incorporated.  Also active directory.
Everything good from Netware's NDS and much more.  Very stable,
almost crash proof. 

Workstation can be loaded from the server by just booting the new
system with a floppy. 

Workstation is 25% faster than Windows 98 with 64 megs of RAM.
Uses 32-bit processing versus 16-bit for Win98.  Users can
encrypt their own files, user disk space can be set.
Intellimirror support.  USB, Fire-wire Support.  IE-5, ICS.
 

---------

XP Family is a new skin over Windows 2000.  In fact you can make it look like W2K by changing the screen properties.  They also added a number of ways that make it easier to configure and to backup the configuration.  

They did remove one item:  NETBUEI.  However you can add this back in by copying two files from the Install CD.  On the Setup CD go to the VALUEADD\MSFT\NET\NETBUEI Directory and see the readme file.  You basical copy two files:

* copy nbf.sys into the %SYSTEMROOT%\SYSTEM32\DRIVERS\ directory
* copy netnbf.inf into the %SYSTEMROOT%\INF\ directory
* open network connection properties and use "Install..." button to add NetBEUI protocol
---------

Add to that (XP) the .NET family and Microsoft has once again changed direction away from an open system.  You can go ahead with an open system, but if you just pass thru a M$ Server for any reason you must buy a separate license for that server (such as checking Active Directory or passing through authentication).  Bottom line, M$ has you hook, line, and sinker.

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Subject:  Connecting Two Win98 PCs with a LapLink Cable

1.  Determine which PC is the Host and which PC is the Guest.
Write down the Computer Name of the Host (Control Panel,
Network, Identification)  Not sure, but I suspect the Workgroup
Name on both PCs need to be the same).

2. Connect the Laplink type cable between the two PCs

3.  If you haven't added File and Print Sharing under Networks
on the Host PC, you need to do that to.  In Control Panel, Click
on Network, Add, Service, Add, choose File and Printer sharing
for Microsoft Networks. (this will require source files and a
restart).

4.  On BOTH PCs create a Shortcut on the Desktop to
C:\Windows\Directcc.exe.  You need to run this.  It will tell you
if the software that is required is installed.  If not go to step
Five.  If it is go to step Six.  (after reading the next
paragraph!)

If you experience trouble, go to the Help Index and type 'Network
Troubleshooting'.  The item just above that topic is "small,
create', this will guide you.

5.  To add the required software go to Control Panel, Add/Remove
Programs.  Click the Windows Setup Tab.  Under Communication
check Direct Cable Connection.  It will require you to also check
Dial Up Networking.  Install the additional software.  Close the
Control Panel and start your shortcut.

6.  The program will first ask you if this is the Guest or Host
Computer.  The next page will show you all your serial and
parallel ports, and you need to select the correct port.  (If you
want to manually set the port up you can do it in Modems.  Choose
Add, check DON'T Detect My Modem, and Next.  The next page
defaults to a parallel connection between two PCs.  If using
serial, drop down one line, chick next.  If you install it more
than once, it will show up that many times the first time you run
the link.)

Important to note, that once added, it never shows up anywhere as
installed.

Running the link.

7.  Complete step 6 to both computers, selecting one as Host and
one as Guest

8.  It will start to connect and on the Guest PC it will say
'verifying name and password'.  Well duh, it never asked for a name,
so up will pop a screen on the Guest PC and ask you to type in the name
of the Host Computer.  You will have to type this in every time.  It
will remember the port and which PC is the Guest and the Host.

6.  Next, open the link to the Host.  Up pops a small version of
Internet Explorer showing the files on the other PC.  To
navigate around you can use the Back and Forward arrows, click
on the folders, or use the command line.  If you edit the command
line you will have to press enter to get it to change.

If you can't see any of the files on the Host Computer, go to My
Computer (on the Host Computer) and right click on the hard
drive you want to get to.  Check on Sharing, chick Share as and
change rights to Full.

The other PC will NOT show up using Explorer, but you can copy
and paste between the two applications.

Enjoy - wizi - March 2000

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Subject:  Speeding up your Modem Connection

Double Click on My Computer
Double Click on Dial-Up Networking
Right Click on your Dial-Up Service ICON.
Choose Properties
Choose TAB "Server Types"
 
Check the first box under Advanced Options, Log on to Network
 
Remove the check mark (defaults on in many cases)
Click SAVE and exit.
 
This "Log on to network" refers to logging on to the LAN after
you connect to the dial-in server.  Since you don't have to
log in to a LAN when using an ISP, this is a useless step.
Unfortunately the software still trys to do it and it just wastes
time.  Remove the check and speed up your logon time.

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Subject:  Internet Explorer Secret Reviled

If you know it, you love it, if not, this is wonderful.  If you want to go to XYZ company, instead of typing http://www.xyz.com, just type “xyz” and hit Control and Enter together.  This will force Internet Explorer to add the rest.  Give it a try.

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Subject:  Troubleshooting Windows Startup Problems

This can manifest as system lockups, shutting down problems, illegal operations, and other weird stuff.

1. Start by making a list of items that are running in the back ground (ie: things that loaded by themselves from the startup group). If you press CONTROL+ALT+DELETE once you will get a box in the middle of the screen displaying everything that is currently running. PLEASE NOTE: At the bottom of the box are 3 buttons; End Task, Shut Down, and Cancel. Pressing Shut Down is the same as Start, Shutdown. End Task will kill the process you have highlighted. This can cause the system to lock or crash, so figure out what you are doing before clicking these buttons.

Other than any open programs you have, the first thing you will always see is EXPLORER. This is normal as this is the main shell that runs Windows 9x. If you try to close this, it will crash the system.

This is the list of programs running on the computer I am looking at (it is having strange problems). The next step after this is to identify what each item is, which you will see as you look at the list. Read below to see how to determine this.

Explorer - MS program, Main Windows Program, required to run
Navapw32 - Norton Anti-Virus
Trayclnt - MS program for MSN Internet Access
Realplay - Real Player software, not required
LoadQM - MS Qmanager, for Quicken
Fapiexe - FAX program monitor (from Call Control 4.5)
DirectCD - Adaptec Direct CD, not required
Ftctrl32 - FaxTalk Communicator
Findfast - MS Office program that builds indexes for finding things fast
SM56hlpr - Win-modem driver, needed to make modem work
Osa - MS Office Wrapper (see below)
Msmsgs - MS Instant Messaging (kill it if you don't use it)
Stimon - MS Still Image Device Monitor (Monitors buttons on HP Scanner)
Systray - MS program, 
Hpcdtray - HP CD Writer pop-up menu
Qwdlls - Quicken Startup
Awmmain - Wheel Mouse Driver, needed to make wheel work
Rnaapp - Dial-Up Networking Help (Remote Network Access Application)

Other programs you are likely to see:

ScanRegistry - MS program, checks your registry to check for errors
System Tray - MS program, lower right-hand corner tray
TaskMonitor - MS program to schedule events, like running virus scans
LoadpowerProfile - MS program, Needed for Protables to conserve power
SysMon - MS program to monitor performance, not required

Note, you will probably see LoadpowerProfile twice. You can uncheck one or both if you don't need any power options (Control Panel, Power Management)

2. Next, determine what each of these items are or do. There are several ways to determine this. Note what each of these do and make a note next to the Name you made on your list.

Some are common Windows programs that are part of Windows. I've marked these by starting the description with MS program for Microsoft.

Others are added by hardware, utilities, and programs you've loaded onto your PC. Some are needed, many are not. Many software vendors like to put stuff here to add icons all over the place and other really stupid reasons.

Time to get to work. If you don't already have a desktop icon for MSCONFIG, make one. Right-click the desktop, choose new, shortcut. Type msconfig.exe, click NEXT, edit the name (remove the ".EXE") and click FINISHED.

Double-Click on the Msconfig icon. This will open the Computer-Geek's favorite program. The tabs along the top will display the files and groups that are responsible for loading most of the startup items. Mainly the last tab, Startup. You might want to take a quick look at the first item under WIN.INI, (windows). Look at load=, and run=. Of either of these have a program or file listed, note that in your above list (to disable add a ";" in front of it).

IMPORTANT NOTE ABOUT the GENERAL TAB: Think before changing anything here. Clicking Diagnostic startup and then returning to Selective startup, will make everything active again! However, you can create a backup of your configuration as it is, or of your changes here.

Back to the Startup tab.... You are liable to see programs listed that don't show up on the first list above. These were run once to load a driver and then went away. They are still in memory, but this is driver memory, not the active running program memory. Other run and put a different name in the list of items that are running - very sneaky!

To identify a program you can look at the path and program name (you can drag the right edge to the right to see more, or just make it full screen.

If you have items left, you can't identify, then use Start, Find these files. Once found try right-clicking on the file name for info. An example: OSA.EXE = MS Office Wrapper. This is a program that wraps around Office and offers all kinds of things. For details, open Word, Help and type in Office Wrapper to see the dozen of things it controls.

As a last attempt to identify an item, disable it and re-start the PC and see what item is missing from the list when you press CONTROL+ALT+DELETE.

Don't be surprised if there are items you can't identify. I always seem to end up with one or two of those. If fact I am now in the habit of checking this list after each time I load something new just to see what I have that's new.

On my personal computer I am down to just 3 or 4 items running, most just aren't really required. If you start a program that used to have one of these items already running, it will go ahead and start it anyway. In fact it might even add it back into the auto-Startup Group.

3. Next comes the fun, disabling those items we don't need. The bottom line here is the less you have running in the background the better the things in the foreground run and the less system lockups and crashes you have. So personally I like to disable everything I don't really need,

To disable an item just remove the check mark in the box next to item you want to disable (we're still in Msconfig, tab: Startup). When you make a change, it will prompt you to re-start. This must be done to clear memory of the program. Unless you know what you're doing, I don't recommend disabling more than one item at a time, then come back and see if that program still runs properly. If not, come back and add the check mark back.

I ended up with this shortened list:

Explorer - MS program, Main Windows Program, required to run
Navapw32 - Norton Anti-Virus
Findfast - MS Office program that builds indexes for finding things fast
SM56hlpr - Win-modem driver, needed to make modem work
Stimon - MS Still Image Device Monitor (Monitors buttons on HP Scanner)
Osa - MS Office Wrapper (see below)
Systray - MS program, 
Hpcdtray - HP CD Writer pop-up menu
Awmmain - Wheel Mouse Driver, needed to make wheel work
Rnaapp - Dial-Up Networking Help

For other avenues of help dealing with crashes and lock ups, see HELP: system faults, diagnosing (sys info, Dr. Watson, etc.)

Also, from Candi, here's a LINK to a site that lists many programs that can cause problems!

Wiz 5-02

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Subject:  Backing Up Using Norton Ghost

Norton Ghost is a program that will backup and restore partitions.  
Back it up when it's running perfect, and no matter how screwed up 
it gets you can restore it back to exactly how it is now.  It 
creates one file that contains all the data!
The Ghost.exe you find on driver disks and other freebees is a 30 
evaluation, no good for doing backups.  You need to get Norton Ghost 
or Norton System Works.  Norton System Works must be installed to 
get to the Ghost files.  The install for this package is very crude 
and is not user friendly.  You've been warned.  Because it also 
installs Norton Anti-Virus be prepared for SEVERAL pages of stuff 
popping up while you're trying to get to Ghost.
Once installed, you will find two options under Ghost.  One is an 
explorer program that will let you look at your backup files where 
you can extract files.  The other option will let you make bootable 
floppies (3 modes) to run Ghost from a Floppy.
There is no other information or help available for Ghost from the 
menu.  However if you go to the sub-directory you will find a 124 
page PDF file that goes into a lot of detail.  You can run this 
across a network, USB, Parallel Port, another partition (best bet), 
and some CD writers.  Version 5 from System Works 2002 will back up 
DOS, NTFS, and Linux partitions.  This explanation is just for the 
basic backup and restore, see the PDF file for fancy stuff.
PDF pages of note:  Index, pages 5-8.  USB/CDR info, page 17.  
Command line switches, examples, pages 18,41,77,94.  Error Codes, 
pages 107-108, Drive listing utility, page 112.
You can get also get help by adding -? To Ghost (ghostpe.exe), or /? 
To Gdisk, Ghost's version of Fdisk which can hide and unhide 
partitions.
Using Ghost:
The best way to use this is with two partitions.  The C drive where 
your files are, and another drive, large enough to backup your 
files.  In this example, my second empty drive was D.
Boot system from DOS with Mouse Driver loaded.
--
Copy GHOSTPE.EXE to the empty D drive.
--
Start Ghost, run "ghostpe"
--
On the first screen, copy down the License Number.  You will need 
  this to restore the Backup.  Click OK.
--
Pick LOCAL, PARTITION, "TO" IMAGE (USE CAUTION - PICK FROM IMAGE AND 
  YOU COULD WIPE OUT YOUR DATA!!!)
--
Pick Drive 1, then OK
--
Choose the Partition you want to backup.
--
This screen, indicate drive to place new file on, give it a name, 
and you have the option to make notes about this backup.  When done 
click Continue.
--
Here you need to choose the compression factor. Normal is no 
compression, Fast is 60% compression (time: 33% longer), High is 50% 
compression (3 times as long as normal).
--
When done, click Quit, Yes to Quit.
Restoring an Image:
Boot system from DOS with Mouse Driver loaded.
--
Copy GHOSTPE.EXE  and your backup file (backup.gho) to the empty D drive.
--
Start Ghost, run "ghostpe"
--
On the first screen,  Click OK.
--
Pick LOCAL, PARTITION, "FROM" IMAGE
--
Pick the GHO image file to restore
--
You will need to type in the License Number from above, or from the 
copy of Ghost you made the backup with.
--
Check message screen and click OK
--
Check message screen and click OK
--
Pick Drive to restore TO, click OK
--
Confirm the Over-Write the Partition
--
Once done, click Continue
--
Choose Quit, Yes Quit.
That's it!

 


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Subject:  Speed up your System Response Using Scandisk and Defrag

To speed up your overall system performance, you should “Defrag” your Hard Drive weekly.

 Here’s why:

The first track of a hard drive is where the FAT (File Allocation Table) is placed.  The FAT keeps track of where all the files are located.  When you create a new file, such as a Document or load a new program, the system checks the FAT for the first available empty space on the hard drive.  The system then starts to write to this empty space.  Most times the space is not large enough to store the entire file, so the system goes back to the FAT to find the next empty space.  This process continues until the file to completely written.  This is called a “Fragmented File”.  The next time the system needs to retrieve the file the same process happens all over again, to find all the pieces.  When you defrag a hard drive it takes all these small pieces and put them all together as a “Contiguous File”.  Then the next time it reads it only has to go to the FAT one time to get the information, thus dramatically speeding up the process.  Now multiply this a couple hundreds times for all the files that get written to your hard drive and you can see how this process can improve over-all system response.

Here’s How: 

  1. Close all programs, log OFF the internet.
  2. Disable your Virus Scanner (or it will try to scan every file that gets moved).
  3. Delete unwanted items in your Recycle Bin (Right Click on it).
  4. Delete temporary Internet Files (IE, Tools, Internet Options, Delete Files).
  5. Run “Scandswk.exe” (or double-click ScanDisk Icon if you have one).  This program checks the FAT to be sure that the table is correct and complete.  Will take a few minutes to run.
  6. Run “Defrag.exe” (or double-click Defrag Icon if you have one).  This is the program that actually does the defragging.  This could take several minutes or even hours if it hasn’t been done in a while.

Once it has finished:

  1. Restart your Virus Scanner
  2. or just shut down or do a Restart, it will automatically restart the scanner.

 Norton Anti-Virus Scanner:

  1. To “Disable” or “Enable” this scanner, Right-click on the Icon in the System Tray (Lower right corner).  Click on “Disable” if it’s running, or “Enable if it’s not.
  2. If you use automatic “Live Update” please know this only updates the Virus Definitions, not the program.  You should manually run Live Update at least once a month to keep the Program current.

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Subject:  Bring Back Missing CD/DVD Drives

ITS A REGISTRY PROBLEM!!! Adding or removing certain burning programs cause this. like I-tunes, Roxio, Nero.. etc....

1.  FIRST: click start.
2.  go to: RUN
3.  in run type REGEDIT.
4.  This will open the registry editor.
5.  click the + sign next to HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE
6.  Then click the + sign next to SYSTEM
7.  Then click the + sign next to CURRENTCONTROLSET
8.  Then click the + Sign next to CONTROL
9.  Then click the + sign next CLASS
10.  NOW we're done clicking on + signs.
11.  NEXT STEP click on the FOLDER labeled
12.  4D36E965-E325-11CE-BFC1-08002BE10318
13.  now there should be more options on the right hand side of the this window.
14.  Look for anything Labeled UPPER FILTERS or LOWER FILTERS if any or both are present right click them. choose DELETE.
15.  Now reboot the machine.
16.  Your Drives are now listed again!!

Windows reloads the defaults on the restart, bad burning filters will make drives invisible to Windows.

 

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Subject:  Do this before replacing a CD/DVD Drive

This actually worked for me.  I had two DVD Burners that I was getting to replace because they couldn't recognize a blank CD.  And reading a CD or DVD that had data was intermittent.  One drive was several years old and well used, I figured it was time.  But saw a thing on cleaning the Laser Lens.  I've always blown the dust away with compressed air, but that didn't always work.  The article said to gently dab the lens with Isopropyl Alcohol.  Sure enough, both drives are now fully functional!

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Subject:  Changing the Default User Name

Surf to:

HKEY_Local_Machine
    Software
        Microsoft
            Windows_NT
                Current_Version
                    Winlogon
                        Default_User_Name

Right click on: Default_User_Name and choose Modify. Change name to new.

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Subject:  Editing Windows 98 Startup Programs

You know you can use MSCONFIG to check or uncheck programs and drivers to load when you first start Windows 98. But how do you edit the list? If items are active (checked to start) then you can use utility programs like CodeStuff Starter to delete items from the list. But how do you get rid of those old disable items, maybe even items from programs that have been deleted?

Items in the Startup list are mostly located in two places.

1. Go to C:\Windows\Start Menu\Programs\Startup or C:\Windows\Start Menu\Programs\Disabled. Here you will find "Shortcuts" for the non-Microsoft programs. Unchecked items will be I the Disabled directory, active ones in the Startup Directory. Be careful with the active ones, deleting the AOL Tray Icon will kill AOL and may require a re-install.

2. Standard caution note here, make sure you have your Registry backed up before running Regedit! Start Regedit and make your way to: HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion, here you will find four directories of interest. 
        a. Run; This will have stuff that will run (Mostly Drivers)
        b. Run-; This will have the disabled items, these can be Deleted.
        c. RunServices; Tasks to run
        d. RunServices-; These are disabled tasks, can be deleted.

3. Restart when done and your list should be cleaned up!

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Subject:  Editing XP Startup Programs

You know you can use MSCONFIG to check or uncheck programs and drivers to load when you first start Windows XP. But how do you edit the list? And how do you get rid of those old disable items, maybe even items from programs that have been deleted?

Be Safe - Be Smart - Don't kill anything you don't know what it is.

It's easy to figure out what the files are and if you need them, it just takes a little time. Open MSCONFIG, go to the STARTUP tab, adjust the columns width so you can see what file is being called. Now Google each and every one of those files. The first or second hit on Google will tell you who the file belongs to, what it does, and if you need it.

Items in the Startup list are mostly located in two places.

1. Go to C:\Documents and Settings\<your user name>\Start Menu\Programs\Startup. Here you might find "Shortcuts" for the non-Microsoft programs. Be careful with the active ones, deleting the AOL Tray Icon will kill AOL and may require a re-install.

Also look under the common user: C:\Documents and Settings\All Users\Start Menu\Programs\Startup for startup items

2. Another place to check that is often overlooked, is "Add/Remove Programs" in the Control Panel. Often times unwanted programs such as extra toolbars added to explorer can be removed here, which will also remove associated startup items.

3. Standard caution note here, make sure you have your Registry backed up before running Regedit! Start Regedit and make your way to: HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion, here you will find four directories of interest. 
        a. Run; This will have stuff that will run (Mostly Drivers)
        b. Run-; This will have the disabled items, these can be Deleted.
        c. RunOnce; Tasks to run
        d. RunOnceEx; These control error popup boxes (don't touch)

HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Microsoft\Shared Tools\MSConfig\
        a. Startupfolder; This is stuff from different users configs.
        b. Startupreg: This has non-Microsoft programs

4. Restart when done and your list should be cleaned up!


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